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EXERCISE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does exercise mean? 

EXERCISE (noun)
  The noun EXERCISE has 5 senses:

1. the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit
2. the act of using
3. systematic training by multiple repetitions
4. a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding
5. (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches

  Familiarity information: EXERCISE used as a noun is common.


EXERCISE (verb)
  The verb EXERCISE has 5 senses:

1. put to use
2. carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
3. give a workout to
4. do physical exercise
5. learn by repetition

  Familiarity information: EXERCISE used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


EXERCISE (noun)


Sense 1exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

exercise; exercising; physical exercise; physical exertion; workout

Context examples:

the doctor recommended regular exercise / he did some exercising / the physical exertion required by his work kept him fit

Hypernyms ("exercise" is a kind of...):

effort; elbow grease; exertion; sweat; travail (use of physical or mental energy; hard work)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "exercise"):

cardiopulmonary exercise (exercise intended to strengthen the circulatory system)

yoga (a system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind)

stomach exercise; tummy crunch (an exercise designed to strengthen the abdominal muscles)

neck exercise (exercise designed to strengthen the neck muscles)

leg exercise (exercise designed to strengthen the leg muscles)

back exercise (exercise designed to strengthen the back muscles)

arm exercise (exercise designed to strengthen the arm muscles)

stretch; stretching (exercise designed to extend the limbs and muscles to their full extent)

Kegel exercises; pubococcygeus exercises (exercises for women designed to improve the ability to hold urine)

isotonic exercise (exercise in which opposing muscles contract and there is controlled movement (tension is constant while the lengths of the muscles change))

gymnastic exercise ((gymnastics) an exercise designed to develop and display strength and agility and balance (usually performed with or on some gymnastic apparatus))

kick up (raising the feet backward with the hands on the ground; a first movement in doing a handstand)

exercise set; set (several exercises intended to be done in series)

anaerobic exercise; bodybuilding; muscle building; musclebuilding (exercise that builds muscles through tension)

calisthenics; callisthenics (light exercises designed to promote general fitness)

isometric exercise; isometrics (muscle-building exercises (or a system of musclebuilding exercises) involving muscular contractions against resistance without movement (the muscles contracts but the length of the muscle does not change))


Sense 2exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of using

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

utilization; utilisation; use; usage; exercise; employment

Context examples:

he warned against the use of narcotic drugs / skilled in the utilization of computers

Hypernyms ("exercise" is a kind of...):

activity (any specific behavior)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "exercise"):

application; practical application (the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose)

recycling (the act of processing used or abandoned materials for use in creating new products)

development; exploitation (the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful)

abuse; misuse (improper or excessive use)

play (utilization or exercise)

practice (the exercise of a profession)


Sense 3exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Systematic training by multiple repetitions

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

practice session; practice; exercise; drill; recitation

Context example:

practice makes perfect

Hypernyms ("exercise" is a kind of...):

grooming; preparation; training (activity leading to skilled behavior)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "exercise"):

target practice (practice in shooting at targets)

shadowboxing (sparring with an imaginary opponent (for exercise or training))

scrimmage ((American football) practice play between a football team's squads)

brushup; review (practice intended to polish performance or refresh the memory)

dry run; rehearsal (a practice session in preparation for a public performance (as of a play or speech or concert))

rehearsal ((psychology) a form of practice; repetition of information (silently or aloud) in order to keep it in short-term memory)

military drill (training in marching and the use of weapons)

manual; manual of arms ((military) a prescribed drill in handling a rifle)

fire drill (an exercise intended to train people in duties and escape procedures to be followed in case of fire)


Sense 4exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

exercise; example

Context example:

you must work the examples at the end of each chapter in the textbook

Hypernyms ("exercise" is a kind of...):

lesson (a task assigned for individual study)


Sense 5exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Context example:

academic exercises

Hypernyms ("exercise" is a kind of...):

ceremonial; ceremonial occasion; ceremony; observance (a formal event performed on a special occasion)

Domain usage:

plural; plural form (the form of a word that is used to denote more than one)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "exercise"):

commencement; commencement ceremony; commencement exercise; graduation; graduation exercise (an academic exercise in which diplomas are conferred)


EXERCISE (verb)


Sense 1exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Put to use

Classified under:

Verbs of eating and drinking

Synonyms:

exercise; exert

Context example:

exert one's power or influence

Hypernyms (to "exercise" is one way to...):

apply; employ; use; utilise; utilize (put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 2exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

exercise; practise; practice; do

Context example:

practice law

"Exercise" entails doing...:

do work; work (be employed)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "exercise"):

shamanise; shamanize (practice shamanism)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 3exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Give a workout to

Classified under:

Verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care

Synonyms:

exercise; work; work out

Context examples:

Some parents exercise their infants / My personal trainer works me hard / work one's muscles

Hypernyms (to "exercise" is one way to...):

put to work; work (cause to work)

Cause:

exercise; work out (do physical exercise)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "exercise"):

warm up (cause to do preliminary exercises so as to stretch the muscles)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody

Sentence example:

They exercise the animals


Sense 4exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Do physical exercise

Classified under:

Verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care

Synonyms:

work out; exercise

Context example:

She works out in the gym every day

"Exercise" entails doing...:

move (move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "exercise"):

press; weight-lift; weightlift (lift weights)

strengthen; tone; tone up (give a healthy elasticity to)

tumble (do gymnastics, roll and turn skillfully)

train (exercise in order to prepare for an event or competition)

limber up; loosen up; warm up (make one's body limber or suppler by stretching, as if to prepare for strenuous physical activity)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s something

Sentence examples:

They exercise
They exercise themselves


Sense 5exercise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Learn by repetition

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Synonyms:

practice; practise; drill; exercise

Context examples:

We drilled French verbs every day / Pianists practice scales

Hypernyms (to "exercise" is one way to...):

learn; read; study; take (be a student of a certain subject)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s something


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