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DUTY

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does duty mean? 

DUTY (noun)
  The noun DUTY has 3 senses:

1. work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons
2. the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force
3. a government tax on imports or exports

  Familiarity information: DUTY used as a noun is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


DUTY (noun)


Sense 1duty [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context example:

the duties of the job

Hypernyms ("duty" is a kind of...):

work (activity directed toward making or doing something)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "duty"):

chore; job; task (a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee)

function; office; part; role (the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group)

assignment; duty assignment (a duty that you are assigned to perform (especially in the armed forces))


Sense 2duty [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

obligation; responsibility; duty

Context examples:

we must instill a sense of duty in our children / every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty

Hypernyms ("duty" is a kind of...):

social control (control exerted (actively or passively) by group action)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "duty"):

incumbency (a duty that is incumbent upon you)

legal duty (acts which the law requires be done or forborne)

line of duty (all that is normally required in some area of responsibility)

white man's burden (the supposed responsibility of the white race to provide care for their non-white subjects)

prerequisite; requirement (something that is required in advance)

demand; requirement (required activity)

imperative (some duty that is essential and urgent)

filial duty (duty of a child to its parents)

job (the responsibility to do something)

guardianship; keeping; safekeeping (the responsibility of a guardian or keeper)

moral obligation (an obligation arising out of considerations of right and wrong)

noblesse oblige (the obligation of those of high rank to be honorable and generous (often used ironically))

burden of proof (the duty of proving a disputed charge)

civic duty; civic responsibility (the responsibilities of a citizen)


Sense 3duty [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A government tax on imports or exports

Classified under:

Nouns denoting possession and transfer of possession

Synonyms:

tariff; duty

Context example:

they signed a treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries

Hypernyms ("duty" is a kind of...):

indirect tax (a tax levied on goods or services rather than on persons or organizations)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "duty"):

export duty (a duty imposed on exports)

import duty (a duty imposed on imports)

protective tariff (a tariff imposed to protect domestic firms from import competition)

revenue tariff (a tariff imposed to raise revenue)

octroi (a tax on various goods brought into a town)

tonnage; tonnage duty; tunnage (a tax imposed on ships that enter the US; based on the tonnage of the ship)

custom; customs; customs duty; impost (money collected under a tariff)

countervailing duty (a duty imposed to offset subsidies by foreign governments)


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