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 Dictionary entry overview: What does disease mean? 

DISEASE (noun)
  The noun DISEASE has 1 sense:

1. an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning

  Familiarity information: DISEASE used as a noun is very rare.

 Dictionary entry details 

DISEASE (noun)

Sense 1disease [BACK TO TOP]


An impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Hypernyms ("disease" is a kind of...):

illness; malady; sickness; unwellness (impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism)

Meronyms (parts of "disease"):

symptom ((medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease)

sign ((medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease)

syndrome (a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "disease"):

disease of the neuromuscular junction (a disease characterized by impairment of neuromuscular junctions)

liver disease (a disease affecting the liver)

communicable disease (a disease that can be communicated from one person to another)

exanthema subitum; pseudorubella; roseola infantilis; roseola infantum (a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat; a few days later there is a faint pinkish rash that lasts for a few hours to a few days)

respiratory disease; respiratory disorder; respiratory illness (a disease affecting the respiratory system)

congenital disease; genetic abnormality; genetic defect; genetic disease; genetic disorder; hereditary condition; hereditary disease; inherited disease; inherited disorder (a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically)

inflammatory disease (a disease characterized by inflammation)

autoimmune disease; autoimmune disorder (any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues)

deficiency disease (any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient (as a vitamin or mineral))

cystic breast disease; cystic mastitis; fibrocystic breast disease; fibrocystic disease of the breast (the presence of one or more cysts in a breast)

goiter; goitre; struma; thyromegaly (abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet)

pappataci fever; phlebotomus; sandfly fever (a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii)

disease of the skin; skin condition; skin disease; skin disorder; skin problem (a disease affecting the skin)

malignance; malignancy ((medicine) a malignant state; progressive and resistant to treatment and tending to cause death)

eye disease (any disease of the eye)

animal disease (a disease that typically does not affect human beings)

plant disease (a disease that affects plants)

ozaena; ozena (a chronic disease of the nose characterized by a foul-smelling nasal discharge and atrophy of nasal structures)

periodontal disease; periodontitis (a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth)

periarteritis nodosa; polyarteritis nodosa (a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries; nodules may block the artery and result in inadequate circulation to the particular area)

rheumatism (any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues)

aspergillosis (disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs)

anthrax (a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia)

blackwater (any of several human or animal diseases characterized by dark urine resulting from rapid breakdown of red blood cells)

cat scratch disease (a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat)

complication (any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease)

crud (an ill-defined bodily ailment)

endemic; endemic disease (a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location)

enteropathy (a disease of the intestinal tract)

incompetence (inability of a part or organ to function properly)

Kawasaki disease; mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome (an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause)

pycnosis; pyknosis (a degenerative state of the cell nucleus)

boutonneuse fever; Indian tick fever; Kenya fever; Marseilles fever (a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals)

Meniere's disease (a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss (usually unilateral))

milk sickness (caused by consuming milk from cattle suffering from trembles)

mimesis (any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease)

industrial disease; occupational disease (disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment (usually from long exposure to a noxious substance or from continuous repetition of certain acts))

onychosis (any disease or disorder of the nails)

filariasis (a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels)

 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"It's no use crying over spilt milk." (English proverb)

"Sow with one hand, reap with both." (Albanian proverb)

"Life is made of two days. One which is sweet and the other is bitter." (Arabic proverb)

"A good dog gets a good bone." (Corsican proverb)

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