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CONTROL (controlled, controlling)

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does control mean? 

CONTROL (noun)
  The noun CONTROL has 11 senses:

1. power to direct or determine
2. a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another
3. (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc
4. a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment
5. the activity of managing or exerting control over something
6. the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
7. discipline in personal and social activities
8. great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity
9. the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.
10. a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine
11. a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance

  Familiarity information: CONTROL used as a noun is familiar.


CONTROL (verb)
  The verb CONTROL has 8 senses:

1. exercise authoritative control or power over
2. lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits
3. handle and cause to function
4. control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
5. verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments
6. verify by using a duplicate register for comparison
7. be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something
8. have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of

  Familiarity information: CONTROL used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


CONTROL (noun)


Sense 1control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Power to direct or determine

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Context example:

under control

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

power; powerfulness (possession of controlling influence)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "control"):

rein (any means of control)

iron fist (rigorous or ruthless control)

hold (power by which something or someone is affected or dominated)

authorisation; authority; authorization; dominance; potency; say-so (the power or right to give orders or make decisions)


Sense 2control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another

Classified under:

Nouns denoting relations between people or things or ideas

Context examples:

measures for the control of disease / they instituted controls over drinking on campus

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

relation (an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together)


Sense 3control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context examples:

the timing and control of his movements were unimpaired / he had lost control of his sphincters

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

activity; bodily function; bodily process; body process (an organic process that takes place in the body)

Domain category:

physiology (the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "control"):

motor control (control of muscles)


Sense 4control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

control condition; control

Context example:

the control condition was inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

criterion; standard (the ideal in terms of which something can be judged)

Holonyms ("control" is a part of...):

experiment; experimentation (the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation)


Sense 5control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The activity of managing or exerting control over something

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context example:

the control of the mob by the police was admirable

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

activity (any specific behavior)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "control"):

repression (the act of repressing; control by holding down)

power trip ((slang) a self-aggrandizing action undertaken simply for the pleasure of exercising control over other people)

riot control; riot control operation (the measures taken to control a riot)

grasping; prehension; seizing; taking hold (the act of gripping something firmly with the hands)

steerage; steering (the act of steering a ship)

direction; guidance; steering (the act of setting and holding a course)

self-control; self-denial; self-discipline (the act of denying yourself; controlling your impulses)

traffic control (control of the flow of traffic in a building or a city)

price-fixing (control (by agreement among producers or by government) of the price of a commodity in interstate commerce)

restraint (the of act controlling by restraining someone or something)

possession ((sport) the act of controlling the ball (or puck))

ownership; possession (the act of having and controlling property)

crowd control (activity of controlling a crowd)

damage control (an effort to minimize or curtail damage or loss)

federalisation; federalization (the act of being put under federal control)

flight control (control from ground stations of airplanes in flight by means of messages transmitted to the pilot electronically)

flood control ((engineering) act or technique of trying to control rivers with dams etc to minimize occurrence of floods)

imperialism (any instance of aggressive extension of authority)

regulating; regulation (the act of controlling or directing according to rule)

internal control (an accounting procedure or system designed to promote efficiency or assure the implementation of a policy or safeguard assets or avoid fraud and error etc.)

regularisation; regularization; regulation (the act of bringing to uniformity; making regular)


Sense 6control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The state that exists when one person or group has power over another

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

ascendency; ascendence; ascendancy; ascendance; dominance; control

Context example:

her apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

condition; status (a state at a particular time)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "control"):

absolutism; despotism; tyranny (dominance through threat of punishment and violence)

regulation (the state of being controlled or governed)

dominion; rule (dominance or power through legal authority)

predominance; predomination; prepotency (the state of being predominant over others)

domination; mastery; supremacy (power to dominate or defeat)

ascendant; ascendent (position or state of being dominant or in control)

monopoly (exclusive control or possession of something)


Sense 7control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Discipline in personal and social activities

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

restraint; control

Context examples:

he was a model of polite restraint / she never lost control of herself

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

discipline (the trait of being well behaved)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "control"):

continence (voluntary control over urinary and fecal discharge)

inhibition (the quality of being inhibited)

moderation; temperance (the trait of avoiding excesses)

self-restraint; temperateness (exhibiting restraint imposed on the self)


Sense 8control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

mastery; command; control

Context example:

a good command of French

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

skillfulness (the state of being cognitively skillful)


Sense 9control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Context example:

they wanted to repeal all the legislation that imposed economic controls

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

economic policy (a government policy for maintaining economic growth and tax revenues)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "control"):

price control (restriction on maximum prices that is established and maintained by the government (as during periods of war or inflation))

cap; ceiling (an upper limit on what is allowed)

base; floor (a lower limit)


Sense 10control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A mechanism that controls the operation of a machine

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

controller; control

Context examples:

the speed controller on his turntable was not working properly / I turned the controls over to her

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

mechanism (device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "control"):

valve (control consisting of a mechanical device for controlling the flow of a fluid)

electric switch; electrical switch; switch (control consisting of a mechanical or electrical or electronic device for making or breaking or changing the connections in a circuit)

regulator (any of various controls or devices for regulating or controlling fluid flow, pressure, temperature, etc.)

joystick (a manual control consisting of a vertical handle that can move freely in two directions; used as an input device to computers or to devices controlled by computers)

handwheel (control consisting of a wheel whose rim serves as the handle by which a part is operated)

governor; regulator (a control that maintains a steady speed in a machine (as by controlling the supply of fuel))

disk controller ((computer science) a circuit or chip that translates commands into a form that can control a hard disk drive)

dial (the control on a radio or television set that is used for tuning)

cruise control (control mechanism for keeping an automobile at a set speed)


Sense 11control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Hypernyms ("control" is a kind of...):

disembodied spirit; spirit (any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings)


CONTROL (verb)


Sense 1control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Exercise authoritative control or power over

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

control; command

Context examples:

control the budget / Command the military forces

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "control"):

monopolise; monopolize (have and control fully and exclusively)

draw rein; harness; rein; rein in (control and direct with or as if by reins)

corner (gain control over)

preside (act as president)

dominate; master (have dominance or the power to defeat over)

becharm; charm (control by magic spells, as by practicing witchcraft)

govern; rule (exercise authority over; as of nations)

call the shots; call the tune; wear the trousers (exercise authority or be in charge)

regiment (subject to rigid discipline, order, and systematization)

govern (direct or strongly influence the behavior of)

preoccupy (engage or engross the interest or attention of beforehand or occupy urgently or obsessively)

channelise; channelize; direct; guide; head; maneuver; manoeuver; manoeuvre; point; steer (direct the course; determine the direction of travelling)

steer (direct (oneself) somewhere)

hold one's own (maintain one's position and be in control of a situation)

care; deal; handle; manage (be in charge of, act on, or dispose of)

internationalise; internationalize (put under international control)

hold (take and maintain control over, often by violent means)

hold sway (be master; reign or rule)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


Sense 2control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

curb; control; hold in; contain; moderate; check; hold

Context examples:

moderate your alcohol intake / hold your tongue / hold your temper / control your anger

Hypernyms (to "control" is one way to...):

hold back; keep; keep back; restrain; suppress (keep under control; keep in check)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "control"):

thermostat (control the temperature with a thermostat)

bate (moderate or restrain; lessen the force of)

catch (check oneself during an action)

train (train to grow in a certain way by tying and pruning it)

restrict (place under restrictions; limit access to)

abnegate; deny (deny oneself (something); restrain, especially from indulging in some pleasure)

cricify; mortify; subdue (hold within limits and control)

damp (restrain or discourage)

conquer; curb; inhibit; stamp down; subdue; suppress (to put down by force or authority)

bound; confine; limit; restrain; restrict; throttle; trammel (place limits on (extent or access))

counteract; countercheck (oppose or check by a counteraction)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 3control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Handle and cause to function

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

control; operate

Context examples:

do not operate machinery after imbibing alcohol / control the lever

Hypernyms (to "control" is one way to...):

manipulate (hold something in one's hands and move it)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "control"):

aviate; fly; pilot (fly a plane)

drive (operate or control a vehicle)

pedal (operate the pedals on a keyboard instrument)

gate (control with a valve or other device that functions like a gate)

relay (control or operate by relay)

treadle (operate (machinery) by a treadle)

submarine (control a submarine)

turn (alter the functioning or setting of)

dial (operate a dial to select a telephone number)

synchronise; synchronize (operate simultaneously)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 4control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage

Classified under:

Verbs of feeling

Synonyms:

keep in line; control; manipulate

Context examples:

She manipulates her boss / She is a very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow up / The teacher knew how to keep the class in line / she keeps in line

Hypernyms (to "control" is one way to...):

interact (act together or towards others or with others)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "control"):

ingratiate (gain favor with somebody by deliberate efforts)

handle (show and train)

tease (to arouse hope, desire, or curiosity without satisfying them)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody


Sense 5control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

verify; control

Context example:

Are you controlling for the temperature?

Hypernyms (to "control" is one way to...):

essay; examine; prove; test; try; try out (put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 6control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Verify by using a duplicate register for comparison

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Context example:

control an account

Hypernyms (to "control" is one way to...):

ascertain; assure; check; control; ensure; insure; see; see to it (be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 7control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Synonyms:

insure; see to it; ensure; ascertain; check; assure; control; see

Context examples:

He verified that the valves were closed / See that the curtains are closed / control the quality of the product

Hypernyms (to "control" is one way to...):

verify (confirm the truth of)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "control"):

proof; proofread (read for errors)

cover (maintain a check on; especially by patrolling)

spot-check (pick out random samples for examination in order to ensure high quality)

card (ask someone for identification to determine whether he or she is old enough to consume liquor)

cinch (make sure of)

cross-check (check out conflicting sources; crosscheck facts, for example)

double-check (check once more to be absolutely sure)

control (verify by using a duplicate register for comparison)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s that CLAUSE


Sense 8control [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Synonyms:

master; control

Context example:

Do you control these data?

Hypernyms (to "control" is one way to...):

know (know how to do or perform something)

"Control" entails doing...:

understand (know and comprehend the nature or meaning of)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "control"):

cinch (get a grip on; get mastery of)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"Mouth is in gear, brain is in neutral" (English proverb)

"The way of the troublemaker is thorny." (Native American proverb, Umpqua)

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 CONTROL: related words searches 

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