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CONSUME

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does consume mean? 

CONSUME (verb)
  The verb CONSUME has 6 senses:

1. eat immoderately
2. serve oneself to, or consume regularly
3. spend extravagantly
4. destroy completely
5. use up (resources or materials)
6. engage fully

  Familiarity information: CONSUME used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


CONSUME (verb)


Sense 1consume [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Eat immoderately

Classified under:

Verbs of eating and drinking

Synonyms:

consume; down; devour; go through

Context example:

Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal

Hypernyms (to "consume" is one way to...):

eat (take in solid food)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s somebody

Sentence example:

They consume more bread


Sense 2consume [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Serve oneself to, or consume regularly

Classified under:

Verbs of eating and drinking

Synonyms:

ingest; consume; have; take in; take

Context examples:

Have another bowl of chicken soup! / I don't take sugar in my coffee

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "consume"):

hit (consume to excess)

sup (take solid or liquid food into the mouth a little at a time either by drinking or by eating with a spoon)

get down; swallow (pass through the esophagus as part of eating or drinking)

do drugs; drug (use recreational drugs)

smoke (inhale and exhale smoke from cigarettes, cigars, pipes)

sop up; suck in; take in; take up (take up as if with a sponge)

sample; taste; try; try out (take a sample of)

fill; replete; sate; satiate (fill to satisfaction)

eat; feed (take in food; used of animals only)

partake; touch (consume)

cannibalise; cannibalize (eat human flesh)

habituate; use (take or consume (regularly or habitually))

eat (eat a meal; take a meal)

eat (take in solid food)

drink; imbibe (take in liquids)

booze; drink; fuddle (consume alcohol)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something

Antonym:

abstain (choose not to consume)


Sense 3consume [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Spend extravagantly

Classified under:

Verbs of eating and drinking

Synonyms:

ware; squander; consume; waste

Context example:

waste not, want not

Hypernyms (to "consume" is one way to...):

drop; expend; spend (pay out)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "consume"):

dissipate; fool; fool away; fritter; fritter away; frivol away; shoot (spend frivolously and unwisely)

luxuriate; wanton (become extravagant; indulge (oneself) luxuriously)

lavish; shower (expend profusely; also used with abstract nouns)

overspend (spend at a high rate)

fling; splurge (indulge oneself)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 4consume [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Destroy completely

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Context example:

The fire consumed the building

Hypernyms (to "consume" is one way to...):

destroy; ruin (destroy completely; damage irreparably)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s something


Sense 5consume [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Use up (resources or materials)

Classified under:

Verbs of eating and drinking

Synonyms:

wipe out; deplete; use up; run through; exhaust; eat up; eat; consume

Context examples:

this car consumes a lot of gas / We exhausted our savings / They run through 20 bottles of wine a week

Hypernyms (to "consume" is one way to...):

drop; expend; spend (pay out)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "consume"):

exhaust; play out; run down; sap; tire (deplete)

spend (spend completely)

burn; burn off; burn up (use up (energy))

indulge; luxuriate (enjoy to excess)

drain (deplete of resources)

run out (exhaust the supply of)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 6consume [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Engage fully

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Context example:

The effort to pass the exam consumed all his energy

Hypernyms (to "consume" is one way to...):

absorb; engage; engross; occupy (engage or engross wholly)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
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