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CONGENITAL ABNORMALITY

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does congenital abnormality mean? 

CONGENITAL ABNORMALITY (noun)
  The noun CONGENITAL ABNORMALITY has 1 sense:

1. a defect that is present at birth

  Familiarity information: CONGENITAL ABNORMALITY used as a noun is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


CONGENITAL ABNORMALITY (noun)


Sense 1congenital abnormality [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A defect that is present at birth

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

birth defect; congenital abnormality; congenital anomaly; congenital defect; congenital disorder

Hypernyms ("congenital abnormality" is a kind of...):

defect (an imperfection in a bodily system)

anomalousness; anomaly (deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "congenital abnormality"):

ablepharia (a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete))

meningocele (a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue))

myelomeningocele (a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation)

plagiocephaly (congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique)

polysomy (congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells)

hermaphrodism; hermaphroditism (congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics)

pseudohermaphroditism (congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex)

scaphocephaly (congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation)

congenital heart defect (a birth defect involving the heart)

rachischisis; schistorrhachis; spina bifida (a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis)

spinocerebellar disorder (any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia)

hyperdactyly; polydactyly (birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes)

syndactylism; syndactyly (birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes)

encephalocele (protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull)

meromelia (congenital absence of part of an arm or leg)

amelia (congenital absence of an arm or leg)

albinism (the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair)

anencephalia; anencephaly (a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres)

ametria (congenital absence of the uterus)

color blindness; color vision deficiency; colour blindness; colour vision deficiency (genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue)

epispadias (a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis)

clinocephalism; clinocephaly (a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex))

clinodactyly (a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned)

macroglossia (a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome)

Down syndrome; Down's syndrome; mongolianism; mongolism; trisomy 21 (a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation)

acrocephaly; oxycephaly (a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape)

cheiloschisis; cleft lip; harelip (a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip)

cleft palate (a congenital fissure of the hard palate)

ankyloglossia; tongue tie (a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue)


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