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COLONY

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does Colony mean? 

COLONY (noun)
  The noun COLONY has 5 senses:

1. a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government
2. a group of animals of the same type living together
3. one of the 13 British colonies that formed the original states of the United States
4. a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country
5. (microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell

  Familiarity information: COLONY used as a noun is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


COLONY (noun)


Sense 1colony [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

colony; settlement

Hypernyms ("colony" is a kind of...):

body (a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity)

Meronyms (members of "colony"):

colonial (a resident of a colony)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "colony"):

frontier settlement; outpost (a settlement on the frontier of civilization)

Plantation (a newly established colony (especially in the colonization of North America))

proprietary colony (a colony given to a proprietor to govern (in 17th century))

Instance hyponyms:

Demerara (a former Dutch colony in South America; now a part of Guyana)

Calpe; Gibraltar; Rock of Gibraltar (location of a colony of the United Kingdom on a limestone promontory at the southern tip of Spain; strategically important because it can control the entrance of ships into the Mediterranean; one of the Pillars of Hercules)

Plymouth Colony (colony formed by the Pilgrims when they arrived at Plymouth Rock in 1620; it was absorbed into the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691)

New Amsterdam (a settlement established by the Dutch near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island; annexed by the English in 1664 and renamed New York)


Sense 2colony [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A group of animals of the same type living together

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Hypernyms ("colony" is a kind of...):

animal group (a group of animals)


Sense 3Colony [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

One of the 13 British colonies that formed the original states of the United States

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Hypernyms ("Colony" is a kind of...):

geographic area; geographic region; geographical area; geographical region (a demarcated area of the Earth)

Instance hyponyms:

South Carolina; Rhode Island; Pennsylvania; North Carolina; New York; New Jersey; New Hampshire; Massachusetts; Massachusetts Bay Colony; Maryland; Georgia; Delaware; Connecticut; Virginia (one of the British colonies that formed the United States)

Holonyms ("Colony" is a part of...):

America; the States; U.S.; U.S.A.; United States; United States of America; US; USA (North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776)


Sense 4colony [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A geographical area politically controlled by a distant country

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Synonyms:

dependency; colony

Hypernyms ("colony" is a kind of...):

geographic area; geographic region; geographical area; geographical region (a demarcated area of the Earth)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "colony"):

Crown Colony (a British colony controlled by the British Crown, represented by a governor)

Instance hyponyms:

New Netherland (a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam; annexed by the English in 1664)


Sense 5colony [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Hypernyms ("colony" is a kind of...):

animal group (a group of animals)

Domain category:

microbiology (the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans)


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