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Audio » Dictionary » C » Christmas Bush ... Chromosonal Disorder


Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does chromosome mean? 

  The noun CHROMOSOME has 1 sense:

1. a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order

  Familiarity information: CHROMOSOME used as a noun is very rare.

 Dictionary entry details 


Sense 1chromosome [BACK TO TOP]


A threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order

Classified under:

Nouns denoting body parts

Hypernyms ("chromosome" is a kind of...):

body (an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects)

Meronyms (parts of "chromosome"):

nucleolar organiser; nucleolar organizer; nucleolus organiser; nucleolus organizer (the particular part of a chromosome that is associated with a nucleolus after nuclear division)

cistron; factor; gene ((genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity)

chromatid (one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits during mitosis)

centromere; kinetochore (a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape)

telomere (either (free) end of a eukaryotic chromosome)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "chromosome"):

sex chromosome ((genetics) a chromosome that determines the sex of an individual)

autosome; somatic chromosome (any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; appear in pairs in body cells but as single chromosomes in spermatozoa)

acentric chromosome (a chromosome lacking a centromere)

acrocentric chromosome (a chromosome with the centromere near one end so that one chromosomal arm is short and one is long)

metacentric chromosome (a chromosome having two equal arms because the centromere is in median position)

telocentric chromosome (a chromosome like a straight rod with the centromere in terminal position)

Holonyms ("chromosome" is a part of...):

cell nucleus; karyon; nucleus (a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction)

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