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CHESS

Pronunciation (US): Play

 Dictionary entry overview: What does chess mean? 

CHESS (noun)
  The noun CHESS has 2 senses:

1. weedy annual native to Europe but widely distributed as a weed especially in wheat
2. a board game for two players who move their 16 pieces according to specific rules; the object is to checkmate the opponent's king

  Familiarity information: CHESS used as a noun is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


CHESS (noun)


Sense 1chess [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Weedy annual native to Europe but widely distributed as a weed especially in wheat

Classified under:

Nouns denoting plants

Synonyms:

Bromus secalinus; chess; cheat

Hypernyms ("chess" is a kind of...):

brome; bromegrass (any of various woodland and meadow grasses of the genus Bromus; native to temperate regions)


Sense 2chess [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A board game for two players who move their 16 pieces according to specific rules; the object is to checkmate the opponent's king

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

chess game; chess

Hypernyms ("chess" is a kind of...):

board game (a game played on a specially designed board)

Meronyms (parts of "chess"):

chess move (the act of moving a chess piece)

checker board; checkerboard (a board having 64 squares of two alternating colors)

Domain member category:

development (a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess))

develop (move into a strategically more advantageous position)

develop (move one's pieces into strategically more advantageous positions)

stalemate (subject to a stalemate)

castle (move the king two squares toward a rook and in the same move the rook to the square next past the king)

open (make the opening move)

promote (change a pawn for a king by advancing it to the eighth row, or change a checker piece for a more valuable piece by moving it the row closest to your opponent)

checkmate; mate (place an opponent's king under an attack from which it cannot escape and thus ending the game)

check (place into check)

fork (place under attack with one's own pieces, of two enemy pieces)

pin (immobilize a piece)

queen (become a queen)

white ((board games) the lighter pieces)

queen ((chess) the most powerful piece)

en passant ((chess) a chess pawn that is moved two squares can be captured by an opponent's pawn commanding the square that was passed)

exchange ((chess) the capture by both players (usually on consecutive moves) of pieces of equal value)

exchange ((chess) gaining (or losing) a rook in return for a knight or bishop)

check ((chess) a direct attack on an opponent's king)

chess opening; opening (a recognized sequence of moves at the beginning of a game of chess)

counterattack; counterplay ((chess) an attack that is intended to counter the opponent's advantage in another part of the board)

bishop ((chess) a piece that can be moved diagonally over unoccupied squares of the same color)

black ((board games) the darker pieces)

castle; rook ((chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard)

king ((chess) the weakest but the most important piece)

horse; knight (a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse; can move two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa))

pawn ((chess) the least powerful piece; moves only forward and captures only to the side; it can be promoted to a more powerful piece if it reaches the 8th rank)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "chess"):

shogi (a form of chess played on a board of 81 squares; each player has 20 pieces)


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