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CHANCE

Pronunciation (US): Play

 Dictionary entry overview: What does chance mean? 

CHANCE (noun)
  The noun CHANCE has 5 senses:

1. a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances
2. an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another
3. a risk involving danger
4. a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible
5. the possibility of future success

  Familiarity information: CHANCE used as a noun is common.


CHANCE (adjective)
  The adjective CHANCE has 1 sense:

1. occurring or appearing or singled out by chance

  Familiarity information: CHANCE used as an adjective is very rare.


CHANCE (verb)
  The verb CHANCE has 3 senses:

1. be the case by chance
2. take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome
3. come upon, as if by accident; meet with

  Familiarity information: CHANCE used as a verb is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


CHANCE (noun)


Sense 1chance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

chance; opportunity

Context examples:

the holiday gave us the opportunity to visit Washington / now is your chance

Hypernyms ("chance" is a kind of...):

possibility; possibleness (capability of existing or happening or being true)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "chance"):

throw (a single chance or instance)

street (a situation offering opportunities)

crack; shot (a chance to do something)

say (the chance to speak)

room (opportunity for)

opening (opportunity especially for employment or promotion)

occasion (an opportunity to do something)

hunting ground (a place where opportunities abound)

audience; hearing (an opportunity to state your case and be heard)

clean slate; fresh start; tabula rasa (an opportunity to start over without prejudice)

day (a period of opportunity)

brass ring (a rich opportunity or a prize)


Sense 2chance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Synonyms:

fortune; luck; hazard; chance

Context examples:

bad luck caused his downfall / we ran into each other by pure chance

Hypernyms ("chance" is a kind of...):

phenomenon (any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "chance"):

even chance; toss-up; tossup (an unpredictable phenomenon)

bad luck; mischance; mishap (an unpredictable outcome that is unfortunate)


Sense 3chance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A risk involving danger

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context example:

you take a chance when you let her drive

Hypernyms ("chance" is a kind of...):

danger; peril; risk (a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury)


Sense 4chance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

probability; chance

Context example:

the probability that an unbiased coin will fall with the head up is 0.5

Hypernyms ("chance" is a kind of...):

amount; measure; quantity (how much there is of something that you can quantify)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "chance"):

conditional probability; contingent probability (the probability that an event will occur given that one or more other events have occurred)

cross section ((physics) the probability that a particular interaction (as capture or ionization) will take place between particles; measured in barns)

exceedance ((geology) the probability that an earthquake will generate a level of ground motion that exceeds a specified reference level during a given exposure time)

fair chance; sporting chance (a reasonable probability of success)

fat chance; slim chance (little or no chance of success)

joint probability (the probability of two events occurring together)

risk; risk of exposure (the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent)

risk; risk of infection (the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred)


Sense 5chance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The possibility of future success

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

prospect; chance

Context example:

his prospects as a writer are excellent

Hypernyms ("chance" is a kind of...):

potency; potential; potentiality (the inherent capacity for coming into being)


CHANCE (adjective)


Sense 1chance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Occurring or appearing or singled out by chance

Synonyms:

chance; accidental; casual

Context examples:

their accidental meeting led to a renewal of their friendship / seek help from casual passers-by / a casual meeting / a chance occurrence

Similar:

unplanned (without apparent forethought or prompting or planning)


CHANCE (verb)


Sense 1chance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Be the case by chance

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Context example:

I chanced to meet my old friend in the street

Hypernyms (to "chance" is one way to...):

come about; fall out; go on; hap; happen; occur; pass; pass off; take place (come to pass)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "chance"):

happen (chance to be or do something, without intention or causation)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s


Sense 2chance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

adventure; take chances; gamble; take a chance; run a risk; risk; chance; hazard

Context example:

When you buy these stocks you are gambling

Hypernyms (to "chance" is one way to...):

assay; attempt; essay; seek; try (make an effort or attempt)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "chance"):

go for broke (risk everything in one big effort)

luck it; luck through (act by relying on one's luck)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s that CLAUSE


Sense 3chance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Come upon, as if by accident; meet with

Classified under:

Verbs of buying, selling, owning

Synonyms:

find; encounter; bump; chance; happen

Context examples:

We find this idea in Plato / I happened upon the most wonderful bakery not very far from here / She chanced upon an interesting book in the bookstore the other day

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


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