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CELL

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does cell mean? 

CELL (noun)
  The noun CELL has 7 senses:

1. any small compartment
2. (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
3. a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction
4. a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement
5. a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver
6. small room is which a monk or nun lives
7. a room where a prisoner is kept

  Familiarity information: CELL used as a noun is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


CELL (noun)


Sense 1cell [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any small compartment

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Context example:

the cells of a honeycomb

Hypernyms ("cell" is a kind of...):

compartment (a small space or subdivision for storage)


Sense 2cell [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals

Classified under:

Nouns with no superordinates

Hypernyms ("cell" is a kind of...):

animate thing; living thing (a living (or once living) entity)

Meronyms (parts of "cell"):

cell membrane; cytomembrane; plasma membrane (a thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell)

energid; protoplast (a biological unit consisting of a nucleus and the body of cytoplasm with which it interacts)

cytol; cytoplasm (the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism)

cell nucleus; karyon; nucleus (a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction)

cell organ; cell organelle; organelle (a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ)

vacuole (a tiny cavity filled with fluid in the cytoplasm of a cell)

Domain category:

biological science; biology (the science that studies living organisms)

Domain member category:

totipotent (having the ability to give rise to unlike cells)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "cell"):

mother cell (cell from which another cell of an organism (usually of a different sort) develops)

gametocyte (an immature animal or plant cell that develops into a gamete by meiosis)

polar body (a small cell containing little cytoplasm that is produced along with the oocyte and later discarded)

Leydig cell; Leydig's cell (a cell in the testes that secretes the hormone testosterone)

Sertoli cell; Sertoli's cell (elongated cells found in the seminiferous tubules of the testis; apparently they nourish the spermatids)

plant cell (a cell that is a structural and functional unit of a plant)

archespore; archesporium (primitive cell or group of cells from which a mother cell develops)

daughter cell (a cell formed by the division or budding of another cell)

arthrospore (a body that resembles a spore but is not an endospore; produced by some bacteria)

germ cell; reproductive cell; sex cell (a spermatozoon or an ovum)

acaryote; akaryocyte; akaryote (a cell without a nucleus (as an erythrocyte))

embryonic cell; formative cell (a cell of an embryo)

blastomere (any cell resulting from cleavage of a fertilized egg)

flagellated cell (any cell or one-celled organism equipped with a flagellum)

Kupffer's cell (specialized cells in the liver that destroy bacteria and foreign proteins and worn-out blood cells)

beta cell (a cell that produces insulin in the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas)

somatic cell; vegetative cell (any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes)

blastema (a mass of undifferentiated cells from which an organ or body part develops)

fertilized ovum; zygote (the cell resulting from the union of an ovum and a spermatozoon (including the organism that develops from that cell))

parthenote (a cell resulting from parthenogenesis)

arthrospore (one of a string of thick walled vegetative resting cells formed by some algae and fungi)

Holonyms ("cell" is a part of...):

being; organism (a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently)


Sense 3cell [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

electric cell; cell

Hypernyms ("cell" is a kind of...):

electrical device (a device that produces or is powered by electricity)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "cell"):

electrolytic cell (a cell containing an electrolyte in which an applied voltage causes a reaction to occur that would not occur otherwise (such as the breakdown of water into hydrogen and oxygen))

fuel cell (cell that produces electricity by oxidation of fuel (hydrogen and oxygen or zinc and air); for use in electric cars)

photovoltaic cell; solar cell (a cell that converts solar energy into electrical energy)

secondary cell; storage cell (a cell that can be recharged)

galvanic cell; primary cell; voltaic cell (an electric cell that generates an electromotive force by an irreversible conversion of chemical to electrical energy; cannot be recharged)


Sense 4cell [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

cadre; cell

Hypernyms ("cell" is a kind of...):

political entity; political unit (a unit with political responsibilities)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "cell"):

sleeper cell (a cell of sleepers)

radical cell; terrorist cell (a cell of terrorists (usually 3 to 5 members))

Holonyms ("cell" is a member of...):

political movement (a group of people working together to achieve a political goal)


Sense 5cell [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

cellphone; cellular phone; cellular telephone; mobile phone; cell

Hypernyms ("cell" is a kind of...):

radiophone; radiotelephone; wireless telephone (a telephone that communicates by radio waves rather than along cables)


Sense 6cell [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Small room is which a monk or nun lives

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

cubicle; cell

Hypernyms ("cell" is a kind of...):

room (an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling)

Holonyms ("cell" is a part of...):

convent (a religious residence especially for nuns)

monastery (the residence of a religious community)


Sense 7cell [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A room where a prisoner is kept

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

jail cell; prison cell; cell

Hypernyms ("cell" is a kind of...):

room (an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "cell"):

sweatbox (small or narrow cell)

hold; keep (a cell in a jail or prison)

guardroom (a cell in which soldiers under guard are confined)

dungeon (a dark cell (usually underground) where prisoners can be confined)

cooler; tank (a cell for violent prisoners)

bullpen; detention cell; detention centre (a large cell where prisoners (people awaiting trial or sentence or refugees or illegal immigrants) are confined together temporarily)

Holonyms ("cell" is a part of...):

cellblock; ward (a division of a prison (usually consisting of several cells))


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
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 CELL: related words searches 

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