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CARDINAL

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does cardinal mean? 

CARDINAL (noun)
  The noun CARDINAL has 4 senses:

1. (Roman Catholic Church) one of a group of more than 100 prominent bishops in the Sacred College who advise the Pope and elect new Popes
2. the number of elements in a mathematical set; denotes a quantity but not the order
3. a variable color averaging a vivid red
4. crested thick-billed North American finch having bright red plumage in the male

  Familiarity information: CARDINAL used as a noun is uncommon.


CARDINAL (adjective)
  The adjective CARDINAL has 2 senses:

1. serving as an essential component
2. being or denoting a numerical quantity but not order

  Familiarity information: CARDINAL used as an adjective is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


CARDINAL (noun)


Sense 1cardinal [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(Roman Catholic Church) one of a group of more than 100 prominent bishops in the Sacred College who advise the Pope and elect new Popes

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Hypernyms ("cardinal" is a kind of...):

bishop (a clergyman having spiritual and administrative authority; appointed in Christian churches to oversee priests or ministers; considered in some churches to be successors of the twelve apostles of Christ)

Domain category:

Church of Rome; Roman Catholic; Roman Catholic Church; Roman Church; Western Church (the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "cardinal"):

dean ((Roman Catholic Church) the head of the College of Cardinals)

Instance hyponyms:

Bellarmine; Bellarmino; Cardinal Bellarmine; Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmine (Italian cardinal and theologian (1542-1621))

Borgia; Cesare Borgia (Italian cardinal and military leader; model for Machiavelli's prince (1475-1507))

Holonyms ("cardinal" is a member of...):

College of Cardinals; Sacred College ((Roman Catholic Church) the body of cardinals who advise the Pope and elect new Popes)


Sense 2cardinal [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The number of elements in a mathematical set; denotes a quantity but not the order

Classified under:

Nouns denoting quantities and units of measure

Synonyms:

cardinal number; cardinal

Hypernyms ("cardinal" is a kind of...):

number (a concept of quantity derived from zero and units)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "cardinal"):

absolute frequency; frequency (the number of observations in a given statistical category)

googol (a cardinal number represented as 1 followed by 100 zeros (ten raised to the power of a hundred))

googolplex (a cardinal number represented as 1 followed by a googol of zeros (ten raised to the power of a googol))


Sense 3cardinal [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A variable color averaging a vivid red

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

carmine; cardinal

Hypernyms ("cardinal" is a kind of...):

red; redness (red color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of blood)


Sense 4cardinal [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Crested thick-billed North American finch having bright red plumage in the male

Classified under:

Nouns denoting animals

Synonyms:

cardinal grosbeak; Cardinalis cardinalis; Richmondena Cardinalis; redbird; cardinal

Hypernyms ("cardinal" is a kind of...):

finch (any of numerous small songbirds with short stout bills adapted for crushing seeds)

Holonyms ("cardinal" is a member of...):

genus Richmondena; Richmondena (cardinals)


CARDINAL (adjective)


Sense 1cardinal [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Serving as an essential component

Synonyms:

cardinal; central; fundamental; key; primal

Context examples:

a cardinal rule / the central cause of the problem / an example that was fundamental to the argument / computers are fundamental to modern industrial structure

Similar:

important; of import (of great significance or value)


Sense 2cardinal [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Being or denoting a numerical quantity but not order

Context example:

cardinal numbers

Similar:

88; eighty-eight; lxxxviii (being eight more than eighty)

87; eighty-seven; lxxxvii (being seven more than eighty)

86; eighty-six; lxxxvi (being six more than eighty)

85; eighty-five; lxxxv (being five more than eighty)

84; eighty-four; lxxxiv (being four more than eighty)

83; eighty-three; lxxxiii (being three more than eighty)

89; eighty-nine; ixc (being nine more than eighty)

90; ninety; xc (being ten more than eighty)

91; ninety-one; xci (being one more than ninety)

92; ninety-two; xcii (being two more than ninety)

93; ninety-three; xciii (being three more than ninety)

94; ninety-four; xciv (being four more than ninety)

95; ninety-five; xcv (being five more than ninety)

96; ninety-six; xcvi (being six more than ninety)

97; ninety-seven; xcvii (being seven more than ninety)

82; eighty-two; lxxxii (being two more than eighty)

81; eighty-one; lxxxi (being one more than eighty)

66; lxvi; sixty-six (being six more than sixty)

67; lxvii; sixty-seven (being seven more than sixty)

68; lxviii; sixty-eight (being eight more than sixty)

69; ilxx; sixty-nine (being nine more than sixty)

70; lxx; seventy (being ten more than sixty)

71; lxxi; seventy-one (being one more than seventy)

72; lxxii; seventy-two (being two more than seventy)

73; lxxiii; seventy-three (being three more than seventy)

74; lxxiv; seventy-four (being four more than seventy)

75; lxxv; seventy-five (being five more than seventy)

76; lxxvi; seventy-six (being six more than seventy)

77; lxxvii; seventy-seven (being seven more than seventy)

78; lxxviii; seventy-eight (being eight more than seventy)

79; ilxxx; seventy-nine (being nine more than seventy)

80; eighty; fourscore; lxxx (being ten more than seventy)

98; ninety-eight; xcviii (being eight more than ninety)

99; ic; ninety-nine (being nine more than ninety)

180; clxxx; one hundred eighty (being ten more than one hundred seventy)

190; one hundred ninety; xcl (being ten more than one hundred eighty)

200; cc; two hundred (being ten more than one hundred ninety)

300; ccc; three hundred (being one hundred more than two hundred)

400; cd; four hundred (being one hundred more than three hundred)

500; d; five hundred (denoting a quantity consisting of 500 items or units)

1000; k; m; one thousand; thousand (denoting a quantity consisting of 1,000 items or units)

ten thousand (denoting a quantity consisting of 10,000 items or units)

hundred thousand ((in Roman numerals, C written with a macron over it) denoting a quantity consisting of 100,000 items or units)

million ((in Roman numerals, M written with a macron over it) denoting a quantity consisting of 1,000,000 items or units)

billion (denoting a quantity consisting of one thousand million items or units in the United States)

billion (denoting a quantity consisting of one million million items or units in Great Britain)

trillion (one million million in the United States)

trillion (one quintillion in Great Britain)

175; clxxv; one hundred seventy-five (being five more than one hundred seventy)

170; clxx; one hundred seventy (being ten more than one hundred sixty)

165; clxv; one hundred sixty-five (being five more than one hundred sixty)

100; c; hundred; one hundred (being ten more than ninety)

101; ci; hundred and one; one hundred one (being one more than one hundred)

105; cv; one hundred five (being five more than one hundred)

110; cx; one hundred ten (being ten more than one hundred)

115; cxv; one hundred fifteen (being five more than one hundred ten)

120; cxx; one hundred twenty (being ten more than one hundred ten)

125; cxxv; one hundred twenty-five (being five more that one hundred twenty)

130; cxxx; one hundred thirty (being ten more than one hundred twenty)

135; cxxxv; one hundred thirty-five (being five more than one hundred thirty)

140; cxl; one hundred forty (being ten more than one hundred thirty)

145; cxlv; one hundred forty-five (being five more than one hundred forty)

150; cl; one hundred fifty (being ten more than one hundred forty)

155; clv; one hundred fifty-five (being five more than one hundred fifty)

160; clx; one hundred sixty (being ten more than one hundred fifty)

zillion (very large indeterminate number)

65; lxv; sixty-five (being five more than sixty)

0; zero (indicating the absence of any or all units under consideration)

17; seventeen; xvii (being one more than sixteen)

18; eighteen; xviii (being one more than seventeen)

19; nineteen; xix (being one more than eighteen)

20; twenty; xx (denoting a quantity consisting of 20 items or units)

21; twenty-one; xxi (being one more than twenty)

22; twenty-two; xxii (being two more than twenty)

23; twenty-three; xxiii (being three more than twenty)

24; twenty-four; xxiv (being four more than twenty)

25; twenty-five; xxv (being five more than twenty)

26; twenty-six; xxvi (being six more than twenty)

27; twenty-seven; xxvii (being seven more than twenty)

28; twenty-eight; xxviii (being eight more than twenty)

29; twenty-nine; xxix (being nine more than twenty)

30; thirty; xxx (being ten more than twenty)

16; sixteen; xvi (being one more than fifteen)

15; fifteen; xv (being one more than fourteen)

14; fourteen; xiv (being one more than thirteen)

non-zero (not involving zero)

1; ane; i; one (used of a single unit or thing; not two or more)

2; ii; two (being one more than one)

3; iii; three (being one more than two)

4; four; iv (being one more than three)

5; five; v (being one more than four)

6; half dozen; half-dozen; six; vi (denoting a quantity consisting of six items or units)

7; seven; vii (being one more than six)

8; eight; viii (being one more than seven)

9; ix; nine (denoting a quantity consisting of one more than eight and one less than ten)

10; ten; x (being one more than nine)

11; eleven; xi (being one more than ten)

12; dozen; twelve; xii (denoting a quantity consisting of 12 items or units)

13; thirteen; xiii (being one more than twelve)

31; thirty-one; xxxi (being one more than thirty)

32; thirty-two; xxxii (being two more than thirty)

50; fifty; l (being ten more than forty)

51; fifty-one; li (being one more than fifty)

52; fifty-two; lii (being two more than fifty)

53; fifty-three; liii (being three more than fifty)

54; fifty-four; liv (being four more than fifty)

55; fifty-five; lv (being five more than fifty)

56; fifty-six; lvi (being six more than fifty)

57; fifty-seven; lvii (being seven more than fifty)

58; fifty-eight; lviii (being eight more than fifty)

59; fifty-nine; ilx (being nine more than fifty)

60; lx; sixty; threescore (being ten more than fifty)

61; lxi; sixty-one (being one more than sixty)

62; lxii; sixty-two (being two more than sixty)

63; lxiii; sixty-three (being three more than sixty)

49; forty-nine; il (being nine more than forty)

48; forty-eight; xlviii (being eight more than forty)

47; forty-seven; xlvii (being seven more than forty)

33; thirty-three; xxxiii (being three more than thirty)

34; thirty-four; xxxiv (being four more than thirty)

35; thirty-five; xxxv (being five more than thirty)

36; thirty-six; xxxvi (being six more than thirty)

37; thirty-seven; xxxvii (being seven more than thirty)

38; thirty-eight; xxxviii (being eight more than thirty)

39; ixl; thirty-nine (being nine more than thirty)

40; forty; twoscore; xl (being ten more than thirty)

41; forty-one; xli (being one more than forty)

42; forty-two; xlii (being two more than forty)

43; forty-three; xliii (being three more than forty)

44; forty-four; xliv (being four more than forty)

45; forty-five; xlv (being five more than forty)

46; forty-six; xlvi (being six more than forty)

64; lxiv; sixty-four (being four more than sixty)

Antonym:

ordinal (being or denoting a numerical order in a series)


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