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CARBON

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does carbon mean? 

CARBON (noun)
  The noun CARBON has 3 senses:

1. an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
2. a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
3. a copy made with carbon paper

  Familiarity information: CARBON used as a noun is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


CARBON (noun)


Sense 1carbon [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds

Classified under:

Nouns denoting substances

Synonyms:

atomic number 6; carbon; C

Hypernyms ("carbon" is a kind of...):

chemical element; element (any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "carbon"):

fullerene (a form of carbon having a large molecule consisting of an empty cage of sixty or more carbon atoms)

adamant; diamond (very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem)

black lead; graphite; plumbago (used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors)

activated carbon; activated charcoal (powdered or granular carbon used for purifying by adsorption; given orally (as a slurry) it is an antidote for some kinds of poisons)

carbon black; crock; lampblack; smut; soot (a black colloidal substance consisting wholly or principally of amorphous carbon and used to make pigments and ink)

charcoal; wood coal (a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air)

char (a charred substance)

carbon 14; radiocarbon (a radioactive isotope of carbon)

Holonyms ("carbon" is a substance of...):

coal (fossil fuel consisting of carbonized vegetable matter deposited in the Carboniferous period)

limestone (a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals)

crude; crude oil; fossil oil; petroleum; rock oil (a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons)


Sense 2carbon [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper

Classified under:

Nouns denoting substances

Synonyms:

carbon paper; carbon

Hypernyms ("carbon" is a kind of...):

paper (a material made of cellulose pulp derived mainly from wood or rags or certain grasses)


Sense 3carbon [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A copy made with carbon paper

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

carbon copy; carbon

Hypernyms ("carbon" is a kind of...):

copy (a secondary representation of an original)


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