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CAPACITY

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does capacity mean? 

CAPACITY (noun)
  The noun CAPACITY has 9 senses:

1. ability to perform or produce
2. the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
3. the amount that can be contained
4. the maximum production possible
5. a specified function
6. (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive
7. an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored
8. the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior
9. tolerance for alcohol

  Familiarity information: CAPACITY used as a noun is familiar.


 Dictionary entry details 


CAPACITY (noun)


Sense 1capacity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Ability to perform or produce

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Hypernyms ("capacity" is a kind of...):

capability; capableness (the quality of being capable -- physically or intellectually or legally)

Antonym:

incapacity (lack of physical or natural qualifications)


Sense 2capacity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The susceptibility of something to a particular treatment

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

capability; capacity

Context example:

the capability of a metal to be fused

Hypernyms ("capacity" is a kind of...):

susceptibility; susceptibleness (the state of being susceptible; easily affected)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "capacity"):

activity ((chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction)


Sense 3capacity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The amount that can be contained

Classified under:

Nouns denoting quantities and units of measure

Synonyms:

capacity; content

Context example:

the gas tank has a capacity of 12 gallons

Hypernyms ("capacity" is a kind of...):

volume (the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "capacity"):

vital capacity (the maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation (usually tested with a spirometer); used to determine the condition of lung tissue)


Sense 4capacity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The maximum production possible

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context example:

the plant is working at 80 per cent capacity

Hypernyms ("capacity" is a kind of...):

production ((economics) manufacturing or mining or growing something (usually in large quantities) for sale)


Sense 5capacity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A specified function

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context examples:

he was employed in the capacity of director / he should be retained in his present capacity at a higher salary

Hypernyms ("capacity" is a kind of...):

function; office; part; role (the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group)


Sense 6capacity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive

Classified under:

Nouns denoting quantities and units of measure

Context example:

the capacity of a hard disk drive is usually expressed in megabytes

Hypernyms ("capacity" is a kind of...):

indefinite quantity (an estimated quantity)

Domain category:

computer science; computing (the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "capacity"):

formatted capacity ((computer science) the usable capacity of a disk drive; the amount of space that is left after the sector headings and boundary definitions and timing information have been added by formatting the disk)

unformatted capacity ((computer science) the total number of bytes on a disk including the space that will be required to format it)


Sense 7capacity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Synonyms:

capacitance; electrical capacity; capacity

Hypernyms ("capacity" is a kind of...):

electrical phenomenon (a physical phenomenon involving electricity)


Sense 8capacity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

mental ability; capacity

Hypernyms ("capacity" is a kind of...):

ability; power (possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "capacity"):

prescience; prevision (the power to foresee the future)

Antonym:

incapacity (lack of intellectual power)


Sense 9capacity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Tolerance for alcohol

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Context example:

he had drunk beyond his capacity

Hypernyms ("capacity" is a kind of...):

tolerance (the power or capacity of an organism to tolerate unfavorable environmental conditions)


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"All things come to he who waits." (English proverb)

"It is less of a problem to be poor, than to be dishonest." (Native American proverb, Anishinabe)

"The envious was created only to be infuriated." (Arabic proverb)

"Hunger drives the wolf from its den." (Corsican proverb)

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