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BURDEN

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does burden mean? 

BURDEN (noun)
  The noun BURDEN has 4 senses:

1. an onerous or difficult concern
2. weight to be borne or conveyed
3. the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
4. the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse

  Familiarity information: BURDEN used as a noun is uncommon.


BURDEN (verb)
  The verb BURDEN has 2 senses:

1. weight down with a load
2. impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to

  Familiarity information: BURDEN used as a verb is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


BURDEN (noun)


Sense 1burden [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An onerous or difficult concern

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

burden; encumbrance; onus; incumbrance; load

Context examples:

the burden of responsibility / that's a load off my mind

Hypernyms ("burden" is a kind of...):

concern; headache; vexation; worry (something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "burden"):

pill (something unpleasant or offensive that must be tolerated or endured)

imposition (an uncalled-for burden)

fardel (a burden (figuratively in the form of a bundle))

dead weight (an oppressive encumbrance)


Sense 2burden [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Weight to be borne or conveyed

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

load; loading; burden

Hypernyms ("burden" is a kind of...):

weight (an artifact that is heavy)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "burden"):

burthen (a variant of 'burden')

dead load (a constant load on a structure (e.g. a bridge) due to the weight of the supported structure itself)

live load; superload (a variable load on a structure (e.g. a bridge) such as moving traffic)

millstone (any load that is difficult to carry)

overburden; overload (an excessive burden)

overload (an electrical load that exceeds the available electrical power)


Sense 3burden [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

gist; burden; essence; effect; core

Hypernyms ("burden" is a kind of...):

import; meaning; significance; signification (the message that is intended or expressed or signified)


Sense 4burden [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Hypernyms ("burden" is a kind of...):

idea; thought (the content of cognition; the main thing you are thinking about)


BURDEN (verb)


Sense 1burden [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Weight down with a load

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

burden; burthen; weight; weight down

Hypernyms (to "burden" is one way to...):

charge (fill or load to capacity)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "burden"):

overburden (load with excessive weight)

plumb (weight with lead)

saddle (load or burden; encumber)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Somebody ----s something with something

Antonym:

unburden (take the burden off; remove the burden from)


Sense 2burden [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

burden; saddle; charge

Context example:

He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend

Hypernyms (to "burden" is one way to...):

command; compel; require (make someone do something)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "burden"):

overburden (burden with too much work or responsibility)

bear down (exert a force or cause a strain upon)

deluge; flood out; overwhelm (charge someone with too many tasks)

adjure (command solemnly)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s somebody with something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
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 BURDEN: related words searches 

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