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BEAT (beaten)

Pronunciation (US): Play

 Dictionary entry overview: What does beat mean? 

BEAT (noun)
  The noun BEAT has 10 senses:

1. a regular route for a sentry or policeman
2. the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart
3. the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music
4. a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations
5. a member of the beat generation; a nonconformist in dress and behavior
6. the sound of stroke or blow
7. (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse
8. a regular rate of repetition
9. a stroke or blow
10. the act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing

  Familiarity information: BEAT used as a noun is familiar.


BEAT (adjective)
  The adjective BEAT has 1 sense:

1. very tired

  Familiarity information: BEAT used as an adjective is very rare.


BEAT (verb)
  The verb BEAT has 23 senses:

1. come out better in a competition, race, or conflict
2. give a beating to; subject to a beating, either as a punishment or as an act of aggression
3. hit repeatedly
4. move rhythmically
5. shape by beating
6. make a rhythmic sound
7. glare or strike with great intensity
8. move with a thrashing motion
9. sail with much tacking or with difficulty
10. stir vigorously
11. strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great emotion or in accompaniment to music
12. be superior
13. avoid paying
14. make a sound like a clock or a timer
15. move with a flapping motion
16. indicate by beating, as with the fingers or drumsticks
17. move with or as if with a regular alternating motion
18. make by pounding or trampling
19. produce a rhythm by striking repeatedly
20. strike (water or bushes) repeatedly to rouse animals for hunting
21. beat through cleverness and wit
22. be a mystery or bewildering to
23. wear out completely

  Familiarity information: BEAT used as a verb is very familiar.


 Dictionary entry details 


BEAT (noun)


Sense 1beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A regular route for a sentry or policeman

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Synonyms:

beat; round

Context example:

in the old days a policeman walked a beat and knew all his people by name

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

itinerary; path; route (an established line of travel or access)


Sense 2beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

heartbeat; beat; pulse; pulsation

Context example:

he could feel the beat of her heart

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

periodic event; recurrent event (an event that recurs at intervals)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "beat"):

diastole (the widening of the chambers of the heart between two contractions when the chambers fill with blood)

systole (the contraction of the chambers of the heart (especially the ventricles) to drive blood into the aorta and pulmonary artery)

pounding; throb; throbbing (an instance of rapid strong pulsation (of the heart))


Sense 3beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

rhythm; musical rhythm; beat

Context examples:

the piece has a fast rhythm / the conductor set the beat

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

musical time ((music) the beat of musical rhythm)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "beat"):

backbeat (a loud steady beat)

downbeat (the first beat of a musical measure (as the conductor's arm moves downward))

offbeat; upbeat (an unaccented beat (especially the last beat of a measure))

syncopation (a musical rhythm accenting a normally weak beat)


Sense 4beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

oscillation; vibration ((physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean)


Sense 5beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A member of the beat generation; a nonconformist in dress and behavior

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

beatnik; beat

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

nonconformist; recusant (someone who refuses to conform to established standards of conduct)

Holonyms ("beat" is a member of...):

beat generation; beatniks; beats (a United States youth subculture of the 1950s; rejected possessions or regular work or traditional dress; for communal living and psychedelic drugs and anarchism; favored modern forms of jazz (e.g., bebop))


Sense 6beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The sound of stroke or blow

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Context example:

he heard the beat of a drum

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

sound (the sudden occurrence of an audible event)


Sense 7beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

cadence; metre; meter; measure; beat

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

poetic rhythm; prosody; rhythmic pattern ((prosody) a system of versification)

Domain category:

metrics; prosody (the study of poetic meter and the art of versification)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "beat"):

foot; metrical foot; metrical unit ((prosody) a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm)

common measure; common meter (the usual (iambic) meter of a ballad)

scansion (analysis of verse into metrical patterns)

catalexis (the absence of a syllable in the last foot of a line or verse)


Sense 8beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A regular rate of repetition

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Context example:

the cox raised the beat

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

pace; rate (the relative speed of progress or change)


Sense 9beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A stroke or blow

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context example:

the signal was two beats on the steam pipe

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

stroke (a single complete movement)


Sense 10beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Hypernyms ("beat" is a kind of...):

sailing (riding in a sailboat)


BEAT (adjective)


Sense 1beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Very tired

Synonyms:

all in; beat; bushed; dead

Context examples:

was all in at the end of the day / so beat I could flop down and go to sleep anywhere / bushed after all that exercise / I'm dead after that long trip

Similar:

tired (depleted of strength or energy)

Domain usage:

colloquialism (a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech)


BEAT (verb)


Sense 1beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Come out better in a competition, race, or conflict

Classified under:

Verbs of fighting, athletic activities

Synonyms:

beat; beat out; vanquish; trounce; crush; shell

Context examples:

Agassi beat Becker in the tennis championship / We beat the competition / Harvard defeated Yale in the last football game

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

defeat; get the better of; overcome (win a victory over)

"Beat" entails doing...:

win (be the winner in a contest or competition; be victorious)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

best; outdo; outflank; scoop; trump (get the better of)

outfight (to fight better than; get the better of)

overmaster; overpower; overwhelm (overcome by superior force)

checkmate; mate (place an opponent's king under an attack from which it cannot escape and thus ending the game)

immobilise; immobilize (make defenseless)

outplay (excel or defeat in a game)

bat; clobber; cream; drub; lick; thrash (beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight)

exceed; outdo; outgo; outmatch; outperform; outstrip; surmount; surpass (be or do something to a greater degree)

cheat; chicane; chouse; jockey; screw; shaft (defeat someone in an expectation through trickery or deceit)

outpoint; outscore (score more points than one's opponents)

walk over (beat easily)

eliminate (remove from a contest or race)

mop up; pip; rack up; whip; worst (defeat thoroughly)

whomp (beat overwhelmingly)

rout; spread-eagle; spreadeagle (defeat disastrously)

get the jump (be there first)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody

Sentence example:

The fighter managed to beat his opponent


Sense 2beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Give a beating to; subject to a beating, either as a punishment or as an act of aggression

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

beat up; work over; beat

Context examples:

Thugs beat him up when he walked down the street late at night / The teacher used to beat the students

"Beat" entails doing...:

hit (deal a blow to, either with the hand or with an instrument)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

larrup; paddle; spank (give a spanking to; subject to a spanking)

baste; batter; clobber (strike violently and repeatedly)

flail; lam; thrash; thresh (give a thrashing to; beat hard)

kayo; knock cold; knock out (knock unconscious or senseless)

cane; flog; lambast; lambaste (beat with a cane)

flog; lash; lather; slash; strap; trounce; welt; whip (beat severely with a whip or rod)

rough up (treat violently)

belabor; belabour (beat soundly)

pistol-whip (beat with a pistol)

soak (beat severely)

strong-arm (use physical force against)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s somebody

Sentence example:

They want to beat the prisoners


Sense 3beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Hit repeatedly

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Context examples:

beat on the door / beat the table with his shoe

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

strike (deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

hammer (beat with or as if with a hammer)

thrash; thresh (beat the seeds out of a grain)

paste (hit with the fists)

whang (beat with force)

coldcock; deck; dump; floor; knock down (knock down with force)

bastinado (beat somebody on the soles of the feet)

beetle (beat with a beetle)

beat (strike (water or bushes) repeatedly to rouse animals for hunting)

full (beat for the purpose of cleaning and thickening)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


Sense 4beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Move rhythmically

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Synonyms:

thump; pound; beat

Context example:

Her heart was beating fast

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

move (move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

flap (move noisily)

thrash (beat so fast that (the heart's) output starts dropping until (it) does not manage to pump out blood at all)

flutter; palpitate (beat rapidly)

pulsate; pulse; throb (expand and contract rhythmically; beat rhythmically)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Something is ----ing PP


Sense 5beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Shape by beating

Classified under:

Verbs of sewing, baking, painting, performing

Context example:

beat swords into ploughshares

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

forge; form; mold; mould; shape; work (make something, usually for a specific function)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

forge; hammer (create by hammering)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something

Sentence example:

The chef wants to beat the eggs


Sense 6beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make a rhythmic sound

Classified under:

Verbs of seeing, hearing, feeling

Synonyms:

drum; thrum; beat

Context examples:

Rain drummed against the windshield / The drums beat all night

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

go; sound (make a certain noise or sound)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Something is ----ing PP


Sense 7beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Glare or strike with great intensity

Classified under:

Verbs of seeing, hearing, feeling

Context example:

The sun was beating down on us

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

glare (shine intensely)

Sentence frame:

Something is ----ing PP


Sense 8beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Move with a thrashing motion

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Synonyms:

flap; beat

Context examples:

The bird flapped its wings / The eagle beat its wings and soared high into the sky

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

displace; move (cause to move, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

flutter (flag the wings rapidly or fly with flapping movements)

bate (flap the wings wildly or frantically; used of falcons)

clap (cause to strike the air in flight)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s something


Sense 9beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Sail with much tacking or with difficulty

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Context example:

The boat beat in the strong wind

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

sail (travel in a boat propelled by wind)

Domain category:

navigation; pilotage; piloting (the guidance of ships or airplanes from place to place)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Somebody ----s
Something is ----ing PP
Somebody ----s PP


Sense 10beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Stir vigorously

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

scramble; beat

Context examples:

beat the egg whites / beat the cream

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

agitate; commove; disturb; raise up; shake up; stir up; vex (change the arrangement or position of)

Domain category:

cookery; cooking; preparation (the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

whip; whisk (whip with or as if with a wire whisk)

cream (make creamy by beating)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 11beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great emotion or in accompaniment to music

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Context examples:

beat one's breast / beat one's foot rhythmically

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

strike (deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 12beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Be superior

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Context examples:

Reading beats watching television / This sure beats work!

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

be (have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun))

Sentence frame:

Something ----s something


Sense 13beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Avoid paying

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

bunk; beat

Context example:

beat the subway fare

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

cheat; chisel; rip off (deprive somebody of something by deceit)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 14beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make a sound like a clock or a timer

Classified under:

Verbs of seeing, hearing, feeling

Synonyms:

ticktock; ticktack; tick; beat

Context examples:

the clocks were ticking / the grandfather clock beat midnight

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

go; sound (make a certain noise or sound)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s


Sense 15beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Move with a flapping motion

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Synonyms:

flap; beat

Context example:

The bird's wings were flapping

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

move (move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

flail; thresh (move like a flail; thresh about)

clap (strike the air in flight)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s


Sense 16beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Indicate by beating, as with the fingers or drumsticks

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Context example:

Beat the rhythm

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

beat out; tap out; thump out (beat out a rhythm)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s something PP


Sense 17beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Move with or as if with a regular alternating motion

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Synonyms:

pulsate; quiver; beat

Context example:

the city pulsated with music and excitement

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

move (move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s


Sense 18beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make by pounding or trampling

Classified under:

Verbs of sewing, baking, painting, performing

Context example:

beat a path through the forest

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

create; make (make or cause to be or to become)

"Beat" entails doing...:

trample; tread (tread or stomp heavily or roughly)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 19beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Produce a rhythm by striking repeatedly

Classified under:

Verbs of sewing, baking, painting, performing

Context example:

beat the drum

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

play (perform music on (a musical instrument))

Domain category:

music (an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 20beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Strike (water or bushes) repeatedly to rouse animals for hunting

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

beat (hit repeatedly)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 21beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Beat through cleverness and wit

Classified under:

Verbs of fighting, athletic activities

Synonyms:

outwit; outsmart; outfox; circumvent; overreach; beat

Context examples:

I beat the traffic / She outfoxed her competitors

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

exceed; outdo; outgo; outmatch; outperform; outstrip; surmount; surpass (be or do something to a greater degree)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody


Sense 22beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Be a mystery or bewildering to

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Synonyms:

puzzle; perplex; nonplus; mystify; flummox; dumbfound; bewilder; baffle; stupefy; amaze; gravel; vex; pose; stick; beat; get

Context examples:

This beats me! / Got me--I don't know the answer! / a vexing problem / This question really stuck me

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

bedevil; befuddle; confound; confuse; discombobulate; fox; fuddle; throw (be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

mix up; stump (cause to be perplexed or confounded)

riddle (set a difficult problem or riddle)

elude; escape (be incomprehensible to; escape understanding by)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s somebody


Sense 23beat [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Wear out completely

Classified under:

Verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care

Synonyms:

tucker out; tucker; exhaust; wash up; beat

Context examples:

This kind of work exhausts me / I'm beat / He was all washed up after the exam

Hypernyms (to "beat" is one way to...):

fag; fag out; fatigue; jade; outwear; tire; tire out; wear; wear down; wear out; wear upon; weary (exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "beat"):

kill (tire out completely)

play (exhaust by allowing to pull on the line)

frazzle (exhaust physically or emotionally)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"Good eating deserves good drinking." (English proverb)

"A people without a history is like the wind over buffalo grass." (Native American proverb, Sioux)

"If a poor man ate it, they would say it was because of his stupidity." (Arabic proverb)

"Next to fire, straw isn't good." (Corsican proverb)

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