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AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does autoimmune disease mean? 

AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE (noun)
  The noun AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE has 1 sense:

1. any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues

  Familiarity information: AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE used as a noun is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE (noun)


Sense 1autoimmune disease [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

autoimmune disease; autoimmune disorder

Hypernyms ("autoimmune disease" is a kind of...):

disease (an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning)

Meronyms (parts of "autoimmune disease"):

autoimmunity (production of antibodies against the tissues of your own body; produces autoimmune disease or hypersensitivity reactions)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "autoimmune disease"):

myasthenia; myasthenia gravis (a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions)

dermatosclerosis; scleroderma (an autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissue; fibrous connective tissue is deposited in the skin)

pemphigus (a skin disease characterized by large thin-walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane)

LE; lupus erythematosus (a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints))

Hashimoto's disease (autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland; most common in middle-aged women)

discoid lupus erythematosus; DLE (a chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40; characterized by an eruption of red lesions over the cheeks and bridge of the nose)

ankylosing spondylitis; Marie-Strumpell disease; rheumatoid spondylitis (a chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine; sometimes leads to ankylosis)

atrophic arthritis; rheumatism; rheumatoid arthritis (a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint)

exophthalmic goiter; Graves' disease (exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs)

autoimmune diabetes; growth-onset diabetes; IDDM; insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; juvenile diabetes; juvenile-onset diabetes; ketoacidosis-prone diabetes; ketosis-prone diabetes; type I diabetes (severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease)

disseminated multiple sclerosis; disseminated sclerosis; MS; multiple sclerosis (a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers)

idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura; purpura hemorrhagica; thrombocytopenic purpura; Werlhof's disease (purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors)


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