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ARTERY

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 Dictionary entry overview: What does artery mean? 

ARTERY (noun)
  The noun ARTERY has 2 senses:

1. a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
2. a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic

  Familiarity information: ARTERY used as a noun is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


ARTERY (noun)


Sense 1artery [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body

Classified under:

Nouns denoting body parts

Synonyms:

arteria; arterial blood vessel; artery

Hypernyms ("artery" is a kind of...):

blood vessel (a vessel in which blood circulates)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "artery"):

arteria vertebralis; vertebral artery (the first branch of the subclavian artery; divided into four parts)

arteria meningea; meningeal artery (any of three arteries supplying the meninges of the brain and neighboring structures)

arteria maxillaris; maxillary artery (either of two arteries branching from the external carotid artery and supplying structure of the face)

arteria lumbalis; lumbar artery (one of four or five pairs of arteries that originate in the abdominal aorta and supply the lumbar vertebrae and the back muscles and abdominal wall)

arteria lingualis; lingual artery (an artery originating from the external carotid artery and supplying the under side of the tongue)

arteria lienalis; lienal artery; splenic artery (an artery that originates from the celiac trunk and supplies blood to the spleen)

arteria laryngea; laryngeal artery (either of two arteries that supply blood to the larynx)

arteria lacrimalis; lacrimal artery (an artery that originates from the ophthalmic artery and supplies the lacrimal gland and rectal eye muscles and the upper eyelid and the forehead)

artery of the labyrinth; internal auditory artery; labyrinthine artery (a branch of the basilar artery that supplies the labyrinth)

arteria labialis; labial artery (a branch of the facial artery that supplies the lips of the mouth)

intestinal artery; jejunal artery (branch of the superior mesenteric artery that supplies the jejunum)

arteria intercostalis; intercostal artery (several arteries and supplying the intercostal spaces of the rib cage)

innominate artery (a large artery arising from the arch of the aorta and divides into the right subclavian artery and the right common carotid artery; supplies the right side of the neck and head and the right shoulder and arm)

arteria infraorbitalis; infraorbital artery (originates from the maxillary artery and supplies structures below the orbit (from lower eyelid to upper lip))

arteria iliolumbalis; iliolumbar artery (an artery that originates in the internal iliac artery and supplies the pelvic muscles and bones)

arteria iliaca; iliac artery (one of the large arteries supplying blood to the pelvis and legs)

arteria ileocolica; ileocolic artery (an artery that originates from the superior mesenteric artery and supplies the terminal part of the ileum and the cecum and the vermiform appendix and the ascending colon)

arteria ileum; ileal artery; intestinal artery (branch of the superior mesenteric artery that supplies the ileum)

arteria mesenterica; mesenteric artery (one of two branches of the aorta that pass between the two layers of the mesentery to the intestines)

arteria metacarpea; metacarpal artery (dorsal and palmar arteries of the hand)

arteria vaginalis; vaginal artery (a branch of the internal iliac that provides blood for the vagina and the base of the bladder and the rectum)

arteria uterina; uterine artery (a branch of the internal iliac artery that supplies the uterus and the upper part of the vagina)

arteria ulnaris; ulnar artery (large artery that branches from the brachial artery to supply the muscles of the forearm and wrist and hand)

arteria testicularis; internal spermatic artery; testicular artery (a branch of the aorta supplying the testicles)

arteria subclavia; subclavian artery (either of two arteries that supply blood to the neck and arms)

arteria renalis; renal artery (an artery originating from the abdominal aorta and supplying the kidneys and adrenal glands and ureters)

arteria rectalis; rectal artery (one of the arteries supplying the rectal area)

arteria pulmonalis; pulmonary artery (one of two arteries (branches of the pulmonary trunk) that carry venous blood from the heart to the lungs)

arteria pudenda; pudendal artery (arteries supplying the external genital organs of humans)

arteria perinealis; perineal artery (a branch of the internal pudendal artery that supplies superficial structures of the perineum)

arteria pancreatica; pancreatic artery (a branch of the splenic artery that supplies the pancreas)

arteria palatina; palatine artery (one of several arteries supplying the face)

arteria ovarica; ovarian artery (the artery that branches from the aorta and supplies blood to the ovaries)

arteria ophthalmica; ophthalmic artery (a branch of the internal carotid artery that supplies the eye and neighboring structures)

arteria nutricia; nutrient artery (an artery that supplies the medullary cavity of the long bone)

arteria musculophrenica; musculophrenic artery (an artery that supplies the abdomen and intercostal muscles)

arteria metatarsea; metatarsal artery (dorsal and plantar arteries to the metatarsal region of the foot)

arteria hepatica; hepatic artery (arteries that supply the liver)

arteria glutes; gluteal artery (branches of the internal iliac artery that supply the hip joint and gluteal region)

arteria carotis; carotid artery (either of two major arteries of the neck and head; branches from the aorta)

arteria buccalis; buccal artery (a branch of the maxillary artery that supplies blood to the buccinator muscle and the cheek)

bronchial artery (arteries that accompany the bronchioles)

arteria radialis; radial artery (branch of the brachial artery beginning below the elbow and extending down the forearm around the wrist and into the palm)

arteria brachialis; brachial artery (the main artery of the upper arm; a continuation of the axillary artery; bifurcates into the radial and ulnar arteries at the elbow)

arteria basilaris; basilar artery (an unpaired artery; supplies the pons and cerebellum and the back part of the cerebrum and the inner ear)

arteria axillaris; axillary artery (the part of the main artery of the arm that lies in the armpit and is continuous with the subclavian artery above and the brachial artery below)

arteria auricularis; auricular artery (artery that supplies blood to the ear)

arteria ascendens; ascending artery (the branch of the ileocolic artery that supplies the ascending colon)

arteria bulbi vestibuli; artery of the vestibule bulb (a branch of the internal pudendal artery in females that supplies the bulb of the vestibule)

arteria bulbi penis; artery of the penis bulb (a branch of the internal pudendal artery of males that supplies the bulb of the penis)

arteriola; arteriole; capillary artery (one of the small thin-walled arteries that end in capillaries)

arcuate artery of the kidney (curved arteries of the kidney)

arcuate artery; arteria arcuata (curved artery in the foot)

appendicular artery; arteria appendicularis (the branch of the ileocolic artery that supplies the vermiform appendix)

aorta (the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries)

angular artery; arteria angularis (the terminal branch of the facial artery)

arteria celiaca; celiac artery; celiac trunk; truncus celiacus (an artery that originates from the abdominal aorta just below the diaphragm and branches into the left gastric artery and the common hepatic artery and the splenic artery)

arteria centralis retinae; central artery of the retina (a branch of the ophthalmic artery; enters the eyeball with the optic nerve)

arteria gastrica; gastric artery (arteries that supplies the walls of the stomach)

arteria poplitea; popliteal artery (continuation of the femoral artery that branches to supply the legs and feet)

arteria femoralis; femoral artery (the chief artery of the thigh; a continuation of the external iliac artery)

arteria ethmoidalis; ethmoidal artery (a branch of the ophthalmic artery supplying structures in and around the nasal capsule)

arteria epigastrica; epigastric artery (one of three arteries supplying the anterior walls of the abdomen)

arteria digitalis; digital arteries (arteries in the hand and foot that supply the fingers and toes)

arteria cystica; cystic artery (a branch of the hepatic artery; supplies the gall bladder and the surface of the liver)

arteria coronaria; coronary artery (the artery that branches from the aorta to supply blood to the heart)

arteria communicans; communicating artery (any of three arteries in the brain that make up the circle of Willis)

arteria colica; colic artery (arteries that supply blood to the colon)

circumflex artery (any of several paired curving arteries)

circle of Willis (a ring of arteries at the base of the brain)

arteria ciliaris; ciliary artery (one of several arteries supplying the choroid coat of the eye)

arteria choroidea; choroidal artery (an artery that supplies the choroid plexus)

areteria cervicalis; cervical artery (an artery that supplies the muscles of the neck)

arteria cerebri; cerebral artery (any of the arteries supplying blood to the cerebral cortex)

arteria cerebelli; cerebellar artery (an artery that supplies the cerebellum)

alveolar artery; arteria alveolaris (a branch of the maxillary artery that supplies the alveolar process)


Sense 2artery [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A major thoroughfare that bears important traffic

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Hypernyms ("artery" is a kind of...):

thoroughfare (a public road from one place to another)


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