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ANTIBIOTIC

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does antibiotic mean? 

ANTIBIOTIC (noun)
  The noun ANTIBIOTIC has 1 sense:

1. a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections

  Familiarity information: ANTIBIOTIC used as a noun is very rare.


ANTIBIOTIC (adjective)
  The adjective ANTIBIOTIC has 1 sense:

1. of or relating to antibiotic drugs

  Familiarity information: ANTIBIOTIC used as an adjective is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


ANTIBIOTIC (noun)


Sense 1antibiotic [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

antibiotic; antibiotic drug

Context example:

when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs

Hypernyms ("antibiotic" is a kind of...):

antibacterial; antibacterial drug; bactericide (any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "antibiotic"):

Viocin; viomycin (a basic polypeptide antibiotic (trade name Viocin) administered intramuscularly (along with other drugs) in the treatment of tuberculosis)

polymyxin (any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium)

penicillin (any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases)

hydroxytetracycline; oxytetracycline; oxytetracycline hydrochloride; Terramycin (a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trademark Terramycin) obtained from a soil actinomycete; used to treat various bacterial and rickettsial infections)

Mycostatin; Nystan; nystatin (an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes)

novobiocin (an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used to treat infections by Gram-positive bacteria)

fradicin; Neobiotic; neomycin (an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery)

mycomycin (a highly unsaturated antibiotic acid obtained from an actinomycete)

mitomycin; Mutamycin (a complex of antibiotic substances obtained from a streptomyces bacterium; one form (trade name Mutamycin) shows promise as an anticancer drug)

Primaxin (trade name for a parenteral antibiotic)

pyocyanase (a yellow-green mixture of antibiotics obtained from the bacillus of green pus)

pyocyanin (a toxic blue crystalline antibiotic found in green pus)

Vancocin; vancomycin (an antibiotic (trade name Vancocin) effective against some bacterial infections)

tyrothricin (a mixture of antibiotics applied locally to infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria)

tyrocidin; tyrocidine (a basic polypeptide antibiotic derived from a soil bacterium; a major component of tyrothricin)

Nebcin; tobramycin (an antibiotic (trade name Nebcin) that is especially effective against Gram-negative bacteria)

subtilin (a polypeptide antibiotic (similar to bacitracin) obtained from a soil bacterium)

streptothricin (a basic antibiotic derived from a soil actinomycete)

streptomycin (an antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus and used to treat tuberculosis)

spectinomycin (an antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea)

Lincocin; lincomycin (antibiotic (trade name Lincocin) obtained from a streptomyces bacterium and used in the treatment of certain penicillin-resistant infections)

kanamycin; Kantrex (antibiotic (trade name Kantrex) used to treat severe infections)

cephaloridine (a broad spectrum semisynthetic antibiotic produced by modifying cephalosporin)

cephaloglycin; Kafocin (antibiotic related to cephalosporin but no longer in common use)

carbomycin (a colorless basic antibiotic that inhibits the growth of Gram-positive organisms)

bacitracin (a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally)

Azactam; aztreonam (an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects)

antineoplastic antibiotic (an antibiotic drug used as an antineoplastic in chemotherapy)

antimycin (a crystalline antibiotic active against various fungi)

amphotericin (an antibiotic and antifungal agent)

cephalosporin; Mefoxin (one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity)

chloramphenicol; Chloromycetin (an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever))

Aureomycin; chlortetracycline (a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trade name Aureomycin) used to treat certain bacterial and rickettsial diseases)

gramicidin (an antibiotic produced by a soil bacterium; used chiefly as an antiseptic in treating local infections produced by Gram-positive bacteria)

Garamycin; gentamicin (an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract)

E-Mycin; Erythrocin; erythromycin; Ethril; Ilosone; Pediamycin (an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative)

doxycycline; Vibramycin (an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections)

doxorubicin (an antibiotic used as an anticancer drug)

dihydrostreptomycin (antibiotic consisting of a hydrogenated form of streptomycin; used against tuberculosis and tularemia and Gram-negative organisms)

cycloserine (an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus)

Cipro; ciprofloxacin (an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints)

actinomycin (any of various red antibiotics isolated from soil bacteria)


ANTIBIOTIC (adjective)


Sense 1antibiotic [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Of or relating to antibiotic drugs

Classified under:

Relational adjectives (pertainyms)

Pertainym:

antibiotic (a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections)


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