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ANALYSIS (analyses)

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 Dictionary entry overview: What does analysis mean? 

ANALYSIS (noun)
  The noun ANALYSIS has 6 senses:

1. an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole
2. the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations
3. a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed
4. the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., 'the father of the bride' instead of 'the bride's father'
5. a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation
6. a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud

  Familiarity information: ANALYSIS used as a noun is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


ANALYSIS (noun)


Sense 1analysis [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Hypernyms ("analysis" is a kind of...):

investigating; investigation (the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "analysis"):

anatomy (a detailed analysis)

case study (a detailed analysis of a person or group from a social or psychological or medical point of view)

chemical analysis; qualitative analysis (the act of decomposing a substance into its constituent elements)

cost analysis (breaking down the costs of some operation and reporting on each factor separately)

dissection (detailed critical analysis or examination one part at a time (as of a literary work))


Sense 2analysis [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

analytic thinking; analysis

Hypernyms ("analysis" is a kind of...):

abstract thought; logical thinking; reasoning (thinking that is coherent and logical)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "analysis"):

trend analysis (analysis of changes over time)

systems analysis (analysis of all aspects of a project along with ways to collect information about the operation of its parts)

reductionism (the analysis of complex things into simpler constituents)

elimination; reasoning by elimination (analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives)

dissection (a minute and critical analysis)

cost-benefit analysis (an analysis of the cost effectiveness of different alternatives in order to see whether the benefits outweigh the costs)

breakdown; partitioning (an analysis into mutually exclusive categories)

Antonym:

synthesis (the combination of ideas into a complex whole)


Sense 3analysis [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Hypernyms ("analysis" is a kind of...):

criticism; literary criticism (a written evaluation of a work of literature)


Sense 4analysis [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., 'the father of the bride' instead of 'the bride's father'

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Hypernyms ("analysis" is a kind of...):

expressive style; style (a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period)


Sense 5analysis [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Hypernyms ("analysis" is a kind of...):

calculus; infinitesimal calculus (the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions)

Domain category:

math; mathematics; maths (a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "analysis"):

Fourier analysis; harmonic analysis (analysis of a periodic function into a sum of simple sinusoidal components)


Sense 6analysis [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

depth psychology; psychoanalysis; analysis

Context example:

his physician recommended psychoanalysis

Hypernyms ("analysis" is a kind of...):

psychotherapy (the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means)

Domain member category:

castration anxiety ((psychoanalysis) anxiety resulting from real or imagined threats to your sexual functions; originally applied only to men but can in principal apply to women)

anaclisis ((psychoanalysis) relationship marked by strong dependence on others; especially a libidinal attachment to e.g. a parental figure)

psychosexual development ((psychoanalysis) the process during which personality and sexual behavior mature through a series of stages: first oral stage and then anal stage and then phallic stage and then latency stage and finally genital stage)

acathexis ((psychoanalysis) a lack of cathexis; a condition in which significant objects or memories arouse no emotion in an individual)

cathexis; charge ((psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object)

libidinal energy ((psychoanalysis) psychic energy produced by the libido)

death instinct; death wish; Thanatos ((psychoanalysis) an unconscious urge to die)

anal phase; anal stage ((psychoanalysis) the second sexual and social stage of a child's development during which bowel control is learned)

genital phase; genital stage ((psychoanalysis) the fifth sexual and social stage in a person's development occurring during adolescence; interest focuses on sexual activity)

latency period; latency phase; latency stage ((psychoanalysis) the fourth period (from about age 5 or 6 until puberty) during which sexual interests are supposed to be sublimated into other activities)

oral phase; oral stage ((psychoanalysis) the first sexual and social stage of an infant's development; the mouth is the focus of the libido and satisfaction comes from suckling and chewing and biting)

phallic phase; phallic stage ((psychoanalysis) the third stage in a child's development when awareness of and manipulation of the genitals is supposed to be a primary source of pleasure)

abreact (discharge bad feelings or tension through verbalization)

anal; anal retentive (a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.)

oral (a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression)

cathectic (of or relating to cathexis)

penis envy ((psychoanalysis) a female's presumed envy of the male's penis; said to explain femininity)

libido ((psychoanalysis) a Freudian term for sexual urge or desire)

complex ((psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior)

abreaction; catharsis; katharsis ((psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions)

anal personality; anal retentive personality ((psychoanalysis) a personality characterized by meticulous neatness and suspicion and reserve; said to be formed in early childhood by fixation during the anal stage of development (usually as a consequence of toilet training))

genital personality ((psychoanalysis) the mature personality which is not dominated by infantile pleasure drives)

oral personality ((psychoanalysis) a personality characterized either by generous optimism or aggressive and ambitious selfishness; formed in early childhood by fixation during the oral stage of development)

ego ((psychoanalysis) the conscious mind)

superego ((psychoanalysis) that part of the unconscious mind that acts as a conscience)

id ((psychoanalysis) primitive instincts and energies underlying all psychic activity)

introjection ((psychoanalysis) the internalization of the parent figures and their values; leads to the formation of the superego)

pleasure principle; pleasure-pain principle; pleasure-unpleasure principle ((psychoanalysis) the governing principle of the id; the principle that an infant seeks gratification and fails to distinguish fantasy from reality)

latent content ((psychoanalysis) hidden meaning of a fantasy or dream)

transference ((psychoanalysis) the process whereby emotions are passed on or displaced from one person to another; during psychoanalysis the displacement of feelings toward others (usually the parents) is onto the analyst)

condensation ((psychoanalysis) an unconscious process whereby two ideas or images combine into a single symbol; especially in dreams)

imago ((psychoanalysis) an idealized image of someone (usually a parent) formed in childhood)

ego ideal ((psychoanalysis) the part of the ego that contains an ideal of personal excellence toward which a person strives)

introject ((psychoanalysis) a parental figures (and their values) that you introjected as a child; the voice of conscience is usually a parent's voice internalized)

reality principle ((psychoanalysis) the governing principle of the ego; the principle that as a child grows it becomes aware of the real environment and the need to accommodate to it)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "analysis"):

hypnoanalysis (the use of hypnosis in conjunction with psychoanalysis)


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