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ABSTRACT

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does abstract mean? 

ABSTRACT (noun)
  The noun ABSTRACT has 2 senses:

1. a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
2. a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory

  Familiarity information: ABSTRACT used as a noun is rare.


ABSTRACT (adjective)
  The adjective ABSTRACT has 3 senses:

1. existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment
2. not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature
3. dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention

  Familiarity information: ABSTRACT used as an adjective is uncommon.


ABSTRACT (verb)
  The verb ABSTRACT has 4 senses:

1. consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically
2. make off with belongings of others
3. consider apart from a particular case or instance
4. give an abstract (of)

  Familiarity information: ABSTRACT used as a verb is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


ABSTRACT (noun)


Sense 1abstract [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

abstract; abstraction

Context example:

he loved her only in the abstract--not in person

Hypernyms ("abstract" is a kind of...):

concept; conception; construct (an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "abstract"):

right (an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature)

absolute (something that is conceived to be absolute; something that does not depends on anything else and is beyond human control)

teacher (a personified abstraction that teaches)

thing (a special abstraction)


Sense 2abstract [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

precis; synopsis; abstract; outline

Hypernyms ("abstract" is a kind of...):

sum-up; summary (a brief statement that presents the main points in a concise form)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "abstract"):

brief (a condensed written summary or abstract)

apercu (a short synopsis)

epitome (a brief abstract (as of an article or book))


ABSTRACT (adjective)


Sense 1abstract [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment

Context example:

abstract words like 'truth' and 'justice'

Similar:

ideal (constituting or existing only in the form of an idea or mental image or conception)

conceptual (being or characterized by concepts or their formation)

conceptional; ideational; notional (being of the nature of a notion or concept)

Also:

nonrepresentational (of or relating to a style of art in which objects do not resemble those known in physical nature)

impalpable; intangible (incapable of being perceived by the senses especially the sense of touch)

Attribute:

abstractness (the quality of being considered apart from a specific instance or object)

Antonym:

concrete (capable of being perceived by the senses; not abstract or imaginary)


Sense 2abstract [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature

Synonyms:

abstractionist; nonfigurative; nonobjective; abstract

Context example:

a large abstract painting

Similar:

nonrepresentational (of or relating to a style of art in which objects do not resemble those known in physical nature)


Sense 3abstract [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention

Context examples:

abstract reasoning / abstract science

Similar:

theoretical (concerned with theories rather than their practical applications)


ABSTRACT (verb)


Sense 1abstract [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Hypernyms (to "abstract" is one way to...):

consider; reckon; regard; see; view (deem to be)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 2abstract [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make off with belongings of others

Classified under:

Verbs of buying, selling, owning

Synonyms:

snarf; purloin; pilfer; filch; cabbage; swipe; nobble; abstract; pinch; sneak; hook; lift

Hypernyms (to "abstract" is one way to...):

steal (take without the owner's consent)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s something from somebody


Sense 3abstract [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Consider apart from a particular case or instance

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Context example:

Let's abstract away from this particular example

Hypernyms (to "abstract" is one way to...):

consider; deal; look at; take (take into consideration for exemplifying purposes)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s PP


Sense 4abstract [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Give an abstract (of)

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Hypernyms (to "abstract" is one way to...):

resume; sum up; summarise; summarize (give a summary (of))

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
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 ABSTRACT: related words searches 

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