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ABSORPTION

Pronunciation (US): Play

 Dictionary entry overview: What does absorption mean? 

ABSORPTION (noun)
  The noun ABSORPTION has 6 senses:

1. (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid
2. (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium
3. the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
4. the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
5. complete attention; intense mental effort
6. the mental state of being preoccupied by something

  Familiarity information: ABSORPTION used as a noun is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


ABSORPTION (noun)


Sense 1absorption [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural processes

Synonyms:

absorption; soaking up

Hypernyms ("absorption" is a kind of...):

sorption (the process in which one substance takes up or holds another (by either absorption or adsorption))

Domain category:

chemical science; chemistry (the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "absorption"):

imbibition ((chemistry) the absorption of a liquid by a solid or gel)


Sense 2absorption [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural processes

Context example:

the absorption of photons by atoms or molecules

Hypernyms ("absorption" is a kind of...):

action; activity; natural action; natural process (a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings))

Domain category:

natural philosophy; physical science; physics (the science of matter and energy and their interactions)

Holonyms ("absorption" is a part of...):

extinction (the reduction of the intensity of radiation as a consequence of absorption and radiation)


Sense 3absorption [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural processes

Synonyms:

assimilation; absorption

Hypernyms ("absorption" is a kind of...):

social process (a process involved in the formation of groups of persons)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "absorption"):

Americanisation; Americanization (assimilation into American culture)

Anglicisation; Anglicization (the act of anglicizing; making English in appearance)

Europeanisation; Europeanization (assimilation into European culture)

Westernisation; Westernization (assimilation of Western culture; the social process of becoming familiar with or converting to the customs and practices of Western civilization)


Sense 4absorption [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural processes

Synonyms:

assimilation; absorption

Hypernyms ("absorption" is a kind of...):

biological process; organic process (a process occurring in living organisms)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "absorption"):

anabolism; constructive metabolism (the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy)

malabsorption (abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract)


Sense 5absorption [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Complete attention; intense mental effort

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

engrossment; immersion; concentration; absorption

Hypernyms ("absorption" is a kind of...):

attention (the faculty or power of mental concentration)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "absorption"):

centering; direction; focal point; focus; focusing; focussing (the concentration of attention or energy on something)

specialism (the concentration of your efforts on a particular field of study or occupation)

study (a state of deep mental absorption)


Sense 6absorption [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The mental state of being preoccupied by something

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

preoccupancy; engrossment; preoccupation; absorption

Hypernyms ("absorption" is a kind of...):

cognitive state; state of mind (the state of a person's cognitive processes)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "absorption"):

abstractedness; abstraction (preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else)

absentmindedness (preoccupation so great that the ordinary demands on attention are ignored)


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"After dinner sit a while, after supper walk a mile." (English proverb)

"A crow a crow's eyes doesn't peck." (Bulgarian proverb)

"There ain't no such thing as a free lunch." (American proverb)

"A goose’s child is a swimmer." (Egyptian proverb)

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